What are the steps for writing a scientific research?

Spread the love

Scientific research is a term familiar to all of us, but is scientific research limited to academics and men of science? And how can we use scientific research in the business world to make profits? What is the importance and objectives of scientific research? What are the steps for writing and preparing a scientific research? What are the characteristics of scientific research and the qualities of a good researcher? Continue reading this article to discover the answers and learn the most important tips for writing scientific research.

Since his existence on the face of the earth, man has been searching for and developing ways of life to secure his various needs, constantly interacting with nature, developing the knowledge and sciences he possesses, and producing technology, inventions, and numerous discoveries in all fields. With the development of human society, scientific research and development has become a cornerstone for the success of any project or company, and an important aspect that cannot be overlooked by businessmen, entrepreneurs, merchants, manufacturers, and other real and legal persons in the world of economy. That is why a successful company in today’s world is hardly devoid of Research and development or R&D, as is common.

Defining scientific research and its importance

Scientific research can be defined as an organized and creative method that includes collecting, organizing and analyzing information by following specific scientific methods and approaches in order to deepen our understanding of a particular field or phenomenon, and thus arrive at laws and theories that explain the mechanism of occurrence of various phenomena.

In today’s world, governments and major institutions in developed countries feel the importance of scientific research, so they allocate significant parts of their budgets to spend on research and developing their own business models. It can be said that the importance of scientific research includes the following aspects:

  • Solve problems, save expenses, work to develop the productivity of society and companies, in terms of quantity and quality, and provide solutions and creative ideas, which push society on the path of development.
  • Raising the level of general culture and awareness in society and the accumulation of science and knowledge in various fields.
  • Verifying and validating existing knowledge, accessing new information and knowledge, and reaching a deeper understanding of society and surrounding natural phenomena.
  • Helping project owners and company managers to manage and develop their businesses and improve their position, thus achieving more and more profits.
  • Achieving economic and social development and prosperity and raising the standard of life and well-being of the population, which helps build a strong, advanced economy and a cohesive society.
  • Assisting the researcher in developing his scientific and intellectual skills, skills, analytical and critical abilities, increasing his experience and enriching his repertoire of science and knowledge, as well as the possibility of obtaining a higher educational certificate, improving the researcher’s career position, and his possession of a prominent position in society.

Scientific research goals

By conducting scientific research, the researcher or the company that finances the research aims to achieve a set of goals, including the following:

  1. Describe and understand reality with its phenomena through collecting and arranging data in an organized manner, and explaining the studied phenomena, the mechanism, causes of their occurrence and the factors affecting them, which helps to reach the theories and scientific facts.
  2. Predicting the behavior of the studied phenomenon on the basis of the information obtained, describing the change that occurred when changing the conditions and factors affecting the environment surrounding the phenomenon, and developing a future vision for the different possibilities of the behavior of the studied phenomena.
  3. Controlling the studied phenomenon by following precautionary measures and alternative solutions, or by preventing undesirable factors and enhancing desirable factors.
  4. To test theories and information obtained or research done by other researchers, and thus to refute or prove their validity by putting them to the test and experiment.

Uses of scientific research in the business world

The world is constantly changing. Every day, new information and research are published and newer technologies appear, which necessitates entrepreneurs and emerging companies to follow scientific news and learn about new technologies and knowledge, and to seek the assistance of experts and specialists to develop their businesses, products and services in a manner that suits the spirit of the times and helps them achieve their goals.

And we should consider what happened to Nokia for Communications and Information Technology, whose mobile phones were conquering every home, making huge profits and occupying the throne of mobile phones in the world! The glamor of success caught the eyes of those in charge of it, and their death that maintaining success is more difficult than reaching it, and that can only be done by conducting continuous research and development of the company’s products, services and marketing mechanisms, developing a long-term vision, and following smart policies. The market is not free of stalking competitors, nor is the economy free of bumps and crises!

The uses of scientific research in the business world include the following:

1. Launching projects and creating start-ups

You may have a brilliant idea, but you need an in-depth research that leads you to a distinctive product that solves a consumer problem and meets his needs at the lowest cost and best possible quality, ensuring the spread of your brand, and knowledge of marketing channels and social media, through which you can communicate and interact with your audience . You can also benefit from competitor experiences and expert analytics.

2. Preparing the feasibility studies

Scientific research helps business owners to prepare accurate feasibility studies and determine the extent of the future project’s success or not, by calculating costs and returns and studying various aspects of the project. Feasibility studies mainly include:

  • Financing feasibility study: It looks at the possible sources of financing for the project and the cost of each one.
  • Marketing feasibility study: It includes a market study with all the phenomena and market factors related to the project, such as demand for products, potential competition, price level, product outlets, methods of promotion and advertising, and so on.
  • Technical or technical feasibility study: It includes determining all the production requirements, tools, machines and human resources required by the project, and their cost, in addition to determining the production methods used.
  • Financial feasibility study: It determines the profitability of the project by comparing the costs with the expected revenues.

3. Improving the quality of the company’s products and services

It helps to conduct research in areas that improve the quality of the company’s products and services, thus increasing its market share. The research includes the following:

  • Market research

Through it, information about target customers and their characteristics is collected from: gender, age, income, place of residence, preferences, etc., and competitors such as: their strengths and weaknesses, the quantity and quality of their products and services and their prices.

  • User experience research

That is, the study of the emotional, psychological and behavioral aspects of the customer when using the company’s products and services, the purpose of which is to provide the best possible experience for the customer, which will reflect positively on increasing revenues and improving the company’s reputation.

  • Buyer persona research

It is about designing a hypothetical model for target customers to accurately understand their needs and their motives for purchasing, which helps in marketing the company’s products and services to them, and thus increase sales .

4. Access to information as accurate as possible

And evaluate the various theories about production, marketing, management and other aspects of business, the entrepreneur may want to know the extent of the success of his product or service in meeting the need of the consumer, and know the strengths of the product to enhance them and weaknesses to avoid them, or choose the most appropriate marketing methods to achieve profits and deliver the product to the customer in time and the right place, or improving administrative procedures and the efficiency of the use of material and human resources in order to achieve the objectives of the project.

5. Constantly analyze data and information

Analyzing the data that is constantly collected to reach the most effective methods of production, marketing and management, is one of the most important uses of scientific research. After collecting and analyzing customer information, for example, a deeper understanding of the customer, his motives, needs, and how to give him what he wants can be reached.

6. Develop the business model of the organization

Which includes the set of resources and processes required to obtain the product or service and the mutual interaction between them, the entrepreneur is concerned with sustainability, reducing costs as much as possible and constantly expanding the market share, ensuring increased future returns. All of the above requires testing the hypotheses and results that have been reached to include the developed model within the business plan of the facility.

7. Evaluate the validity of the reached model

With making changes as needed to suit the urgent variables, which requires more research and experiment.

8. Dissemination of information and results of recent research

Even if it was only for part of the information and research to be reviewed by clients and experts, which helps to enrich your ideas and develop your project to achieve your goals.

9. Patents

As well as its own brand, which helps the entrepreneur to strengthen the position of the company and obtain higher revenues. Thus, the R&D department has become the cornerstone of the success of the modern company, with its theoretical research and applied research, and its findings and recommendations that increase the efficiency of production processes and help improve existing products and services and innovate new ones.

R&D includes the activities undertaken by companies to develop their business from the innovation, continuous improvement of products and services and their marketing, thus increasing the company’s revenues, in addition to mergers and acquisitions (M&A) i.e. controlling emerging companies that represent a future threat through their purchase or the conclusion of agreements and partnerships with potential competitors. As well as Business incubators and Business Accelerators that aim to invest in, fund and mentor startups.

According to the professional services firm PriceWaterhouseCoopers , e-commerce leader Amazon spent $22.6 billion on research and development, Alphabet Inc., owner of the popular search engine Google, spent $16.2 billion, and Samsung Electronics and IT spent $15.3 billion, computer technology company Microsoft spent nearly $12.3 billion.

Steps and stages of writing a scientific research

In order to obtain a complete research of high quality and results that can be applied and benefited from, it is necessary to understand the rules of academic writing and know how to write a scientific research. During its preparation, the search goes through the following steps:

The first step: Develop a scientific research writing plan

By preparing a clear outline for the research that includes: the title page, the summary, and the introduction containing the importance of the research, its objectives and the approach followed, in addition to the results that have been reached, and a discussion of the results or the problem of the research, ending with the conclusion.

Step 2: Find and gather sources and information

It includes secondary sources such as books, references, articles and scientific publications, and primary sources such as data that the researcher obtains personally from the studied sample.

Third Step: Write your first research draft

which will be edited until your research is ready for application and publication. During writing, the elements of the scientific paper or scientific research will be prepared as follows:

1. Choose the topic and title of the research

The research topic is chosen based on its importance to the community and the company, the extent of the subject’s searchability and application, the availability of sources and references, and the ease of gathering the necessary information.

Choosing a title is not easy, it requires knowledge and extensive knowledge and depth in the field of research to reach an appropriate title, and the title must be short, clear and expressive of the content, and contain the most important keywords that the search revolves around.

2. Writing a research introduction

The introduction includes a comprehensive, clear and brief presentation of the research content, its importance and objectives, with an explanation of the methodology and methods used, and the temporal and spatial limits, and it follows the index and dedication.

3. Identify the problem

The real starting point is defining the topic, phenomenon or problem under study, which is formulated in the form of a statement or a clear and understandable question or a set of questions related to the research problem.

The researcher can reach the research problem personally through the reality of daily life in the surrounding environment, or by inspiring ideas by attending conferences, scientific seminars and panel discussions, or by viewing the results and recommendations of research and scientific studies.

4. Defining scientific research hypotheses and questions

Hypotheses are suggested solutions or highly probable explanations for the problem at hand, and thus are not a random conclusion but rather a conclusion based on theoretical information or practical experience.

5. Writing the objectives of the scientific research

By it, we mean to clarify the type of data required, its sources, the method of collecting primary and secondary data, and the method of analysis.

6. Review of previous studies and research

It is necessary and logical to review previous studies and research to build upon and form the theoretical framework for your research .

7. Determine the methodology of scientific research

By clarifying the type of data required, its sources, the method of collecting primary and secondary data, and the method of analysis, it is also necessary and logical to review previous studies and research to build upon and form the theoretical framework for your research.

8. Writing information within the structure of scientific research

Research information is written into chapters, chapters, and sections. The information is organized and presented through tables, figures, and charts, and analyzed using various statistical methods.

9. Recording the results of scientific research

The results are the fruits that we obtain after the trouble of a long search, and we apply them to improve our project or direct the studied phenomenon in the desired direction. Findings should be arranged in a logical sequence, and supported by evidence.

10. Suggesting recommendations

Several solutions and recommendations are proposed for the studied problem based on the results obtained and the researcher’s experience and ability to think creatively and innovatively.

11. The conclusion of the scientific research

It includes a summary of the most important ideas received during the research, the most important recommendations and suggestions, and the reader must be left with an impression at the end of the research, while ensuring that he understands the essence of the study and the importance of its results.

12. Search Format

Taking into account that the following coordination includes:

  • Table of contents

Helps save time and facilitate access to information. A second, separate index for tables, figures, and graphs can be added.

  • Sources and references

The researcher prepares a list of the references he used during the preparation of his research, arranged in alphabetical order, with the name of the author or researcher, the title of the book or scientific article, the year of publication, publication information, and so on.

  • Page numbers

The pagination starts after the title page.

Tips while writing a scientific research

There are a set of rules and controls that should be taken into account while writing a research paper, which we present to you as follows:

  • It is useful to establish a phased timetable for the completion of the research sections and paragraphs.
  • See the largest possible number of sources, references and information related to the topic of the research, taking into account the various points of view and schools of thought related to the topic of the research, and not to delete any evidence or argument that contradicts the opinions of the researcher.
  • Taking into account linguistic checking, spelling and grammatical integrity, the use of clear and simple academic language, avoiding stuffiness and repetition, and ensuring the coherence of ideas in the research text.

The characteristics of good scientific research should be taken into account, and this includes:

  • Objectivity and freedom from prejudice and preconceptions.
  • The accuracy of the information used, the use of appropriate methods of analysis and the appropriate scientific method.
  • Follow the rules of logic, clarity and consistency in writing research parts.
  • Addressing the mind based on scientific evidence and logical sequence in presenting proofs and ideas.

There are a number of qualities that a good scientific researcher must have, including:

  • Serious desire to search, patience and determination to continue searching.
  • The ability to investigate facts and gather information accurately, truthfully and honestly.
  • Scientific impartiality, objectivity and distance from whims, passion and generalization.

Work to avoid obstacles to scientific thinking, which include:

  • The spread of mythical thought, influenced by popular ideas and propaganda.
  • Research for the sake of money or power, or neglect during the implementation of scientific research due to lack of efficiency or lack of funding, or neglect in applying the results of scientific research due to underestimation of its value, and all of the above do not help the development of society.

After completing the writing of the research, it must be reviewed more than once by the researcher himself in order to revise and make the necessary adjustments. There is no objection to reviewing the research by experienced researchers and researchers in the same field, and this is called peer review.

While the world continues in its frantic race to obtain the largest possible amount of knowledge and science, scientific research will always remain a compass for societies that seek to achieve excellence and success in various aspects of life and fields of the economy, and a decisive factor in developing the mechanism of companies’ work and improving the quality of their products and services, ensuring that they achieve revenues. Continuing and entering into new markets in the business world.

Leave Your Comments

Related Articles